Posted on March 22nd, 2013, 5:31
The technologically enabled business world finds the digital entities playing an important role on how users interact to a networked environment. With increasing threats to the networks from inside and outside, the organization needs to manage the users efficiently while providing them access to the networked resources. To curb the presence of various threats affecting the corporate networks and their crucial data the IT experts have worked out solutions to provide a continuous access to the users.
Globalization and spread of the business across wide geographical regions through mergers and acquisitions have only made identity and access management solutions more complex. As enterprises do not store and use identity information in one place but in multiple directories under different departments and countries has further increased the complexity of security issues and the need for data protection solutions.
Identity management has been defined as the process for managing the entire lifecycle of people, systems and services with the help of emerging technologies to control access to company resources. Access management on the other hand relates to the process of regulating access to information through policy-based regulations and restrictions. Together, the combination of processes, technologies, and policies enabled by software to manage user identities throughout their life cycle is termed as Identity and Access Management solution.
However, today's business growth with e-commerce and web presence has paved the way for identity and access management has to emerge as a vital aspect realizing benefits such as cost savings, management control, operational efficiency. Enterprises need to work out solutions to provide access to the application available in the system both through the in-house systems as well as modern day mobile devices. With most of the enterprises opting for anywhere anytime access to the corporate networks to ensure business continuity the enterprises also need to ensure mobile security.
The identity and access management components are further classified under separate categories such as
This helps to work on the goal of providing right people right access to the resources. However, for the IAM framework which consists of people, processes and products to function flawlessly enterprises should ensure genuineness of data without compromising on the security of the business critical information.
In today's technologically heterogeneous environment, Identity access management is the security discipline that addresses the mission-critical need to ensure access to resources across and to meet the compliance requirements.
This security undertaking for any enterprise is business-aligned, and requires business skills, besides technical expertise. Gartner like the leading service providers recommends IT leaders take a four-phase approach which includes Strategy and Design, Control Integration and Sustenance and Optimization for an end-to-end services for Identity and Access Management practices that can support secure business processes.